Global Advisory Panel on Corporate Governance and Risk Management of Blood Services in Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies


VNRBD - Mobile planner
VNRBD - List of tentative donors
Disclaimer: Before using these resources, please consider which materials are relevant and appropriate for your National Society's level of involvement in blood programs and tailor accordingly. The use of these templates, and all associated documents referenced within, is at the user's own risk.List of Potential Blood DonorsBlood Donation CampaignInstitution:Date of the Campaign: Name Telephone Email
VNRBD - Assessment of targeted population
Disclaimer: Before using these resources, please consider which materials are relevant and appropriate for your National Society's level of involvement in blood programs and modify / tailor accordingly. The use of these templates, and all associated documents referenced within, is at the user's own risk. Example Form: Assessment of the target populationOrganisation / Institution: _____________________________________________________Contact Name: ____________________________________________________________--------------------------------------------------------------------------------GENERAL1. Are prospective donors aged between 18 and 65 years?Yes No 2. Was the last campaign held more than 3 months ago?Yes No 3. Is the institution located in a risk zone?Yes No 4. Is there good access to the proposed location?Yes No 5. Does the organisation / institution want to be involved?Yes No --------------------------------------------------------------------------------INFECTIOUS RISK6. Is the population generally fit and healthy?Yes No 7. Does the area have an increased risk exposure to malaria, syphilis or other transfusion transmissible infections? Yes No 8. Has the area had any recent outbreaks or infection?Yes No --------------------------------------------------------------------------------OTHER FACTORS9. Are any other events planned?Yes No --------------------------------------------------------------------------------EVALUATIONDoes the organisation / institution meet all the conditions to conduct the Blood Donation Campaign? Yes No --------------------------------------------------------------------------------COMMENTS:--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Name of person completing form: ________________________ Date: ______________------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
VNRBD - Annual Activities Calendar
GAP VNRBD Update - May 2020
Summary: Experience of blood programs and COVID-19
GAP VNRBD Newsletter - March 2020
Guideline to a pre-donation talk_French
Template: Guideline to a Pre-donation Talk
Annual Report 2018
2 0 1 8ANNUALREPORTGood governance,safe bloodCONTENTSMessage from the President................................. 1About GAP................................................................... 22018 Highlights.......................................................... 3Governance................................................................. 4Our VisionThe Global Advisory Panel on CorporateGovernance and Risk Management ofBlood Services in Red Cross and RedCrescent Societies (GAP) is a globalnetwork of Red Cross and Red CrescentBlood Services with specific expertisein risk management and corporategovernance of blood programs.Global Mapping.......................................................... 9Self-assessment....................................................... 11Country Support Programs................................... 13Modular Training....................................................... 17Our PurposeDisaster Response................................................... 19GAP advocates and supports theestablishment of safe and sustainableblood systems, promotes the adoptionof best practice, and facilitates resourcemobilisation and knowledge transferbetween blood services.VNRBD Program....................................................... 21International Events.................................................. 24Financial Reporting................................................... 25blood banking and bloodtransfusion-relatedactivities worldwideTechnical advice & recommendationsCorporate governanceRisk managementReference to relevant technical standardsand accreditation frameworksProf Philippe VandekerckhoveDevelop & provide tools& resourcesGAP PresidentDear ReaderAid organisations are often builton ideals and run on goodwill andgood intentions. While these arenecessary components, they arenot sufficient to develop an efficientand well-run organisation with realimpact. In addition to idealism asa driving force, the current contextrequires efficiency (good governanceand modern management) and ascientific approach (with its emphasison effectiveness) to maximise impactwith the resources available.This is not new: 100 years ago thefirst statutes of the IFRC stated thenecessity to promote the welfare ofmankind by furnishing a medium forbringing within the reach of all thepeoples the benefits to be derivedfrom present known facts and newcontribution to science and medicalknowledge and their application.Today, GAP is devoted to bloodbanking and blood transfusionrelated activities worldwide to helpRed Cross / Red Crescent NationalSocieties to improve their life-savingGAP Annual Report 2018mission and adapt their practices toan ever evolving environment. Whatstarted as an effort to documentactivities and operational practiceglobally through questionnaires andthe global map, has in 2018 expandedto a more structural involvement inpost-disaster aid and reconstruction,and a starting one in education.With this widening scope, GAPsmembership has also grown. We arehonoured to now also count Republicof Korea and Turkey amongst ourmembers.GAP is proud to increasinglycontribute to a more evidence-basedhumanitarian action. I trust this annualreport will highlight this growth anddiversification.Yours sincerelyCountry supportprogramsSelf-assessment questionnaireand feedback reportsGAP ManualGlobal Mapping ReportABOUT GAPMESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENTGAP is devoted toTargeted assistanceCapacity buildingTechnical trainingStrategic supportPost-disaster recoverysupportCoordination of support for bloodprogram restoration and recoveryVoluntary NonRemunerated BloodDonation (VNRBD) supportDedicated VNRBD focal pointStrategies and toolsGlobal advocacy for VNRBDProf Philippe Vandekerckhove2Approved new GAP membersRepublic of Korea and Turkeyfor membership in 2019.Prof PhilippeVandekerckhovePresidentChief Executive OfficerBelgian Red CrossBlood ServiceProf Wolfgang MayrVice PresidentMedical CouncillorAustrian Red CrossBlood ServiceGOVERNANCE2018 HIGHLIGHTSPublished the 2018 GlobalMapping Report on Red Cross /Red Crescent National Societyinvolvement in country bloodprograms.Provided country support programsto Bangladesh, Honduras, India,Laos and Nepal.Dr Rudolf SchwabePermanent BoardmemberChief Executive OfficerTransfusion SwissRed CrossConfirmed Tanzania and Bangladeshas VNRBD project support countries.Completed Self-assessment processfor Americas region and began Selfassessment process for Europe andCentral Asia.GAP Annual Report 2018Ms Shelly ParkBoard memberChief Executive OfficerAustralian Red CrossBlood ServiceExecutive BoardGAP is led by an Executive Board, themembers of which play a vital rolein governance and decision makingfor theorganisations activities andstrategic direction. Boardmembersare generally appointed for a threeyear term, but may be eligible forreappointment if required.In addition to the skills that arerequired for most boards, ourBoards skills include specialistknowledge and expertise in clinicalproduct and service delivery,specifically in relation to NationalSociety blood programs.The GAP Executive Board convenesregularly to review, approve andaction GAP-related activities andobjectives.4GAPsRegionalCoordinatorsprovide a key network link to GAP,relaying information regarding anysignificant developments in theirregion and through engagement inGAPs country support programs.The GAP Association structure consists of GAP member NationalSocieties and their representatives, the GAP Executive Board,Regional Coordinators, a Secretariat and a permanent observerThey also coordinate GAP regionalmeetings which are held followingcompletion of the Self-assessmentquestionnaire by National Societyblood services.Europe & Central AsiaDr Wolfgang MayrAmericasDr Elizabeth VinelliAsia PacificDr Cheuk Kwong LeeMENAProf Eilat ShinarGOVERNANCEGOVERNANCERegional Coordinatorswho represents the International Federation of Red Cross / RedCrescent(IFRC).GAP MembershipGAP Membership is open to NationalSociety blood services whichmeet the criteria for membership,including the effective operation ofa full Level A blood service (a bloodservice which collects blood fromdonors and may also test, processand distribute blood collected).Collectively, GAP members provideadvice on corporate governance andrisk management of blood servicesand, at an individual level, contributetheir expertise and knowledge tosupport a range of GAP programsdesigned to assist National Societyblood services.Members pay an annual membershipfee and are represented by the headof their National Society bloodserviceor a nominated representative.GAP is supported by a smallsecretariat which is based in Perth,Australia and provided by theGAP Annual Report 2018Australian Red CrossBlood Service.6GAP Member National Societies and representatives:Austria - Prof. Wolfgang Mayr, Austrian Red Cross BloodServiceBelgium - Prof. Philippe Vandekerckhove, Belgian RedCross Blood ServiceFinland - Dr Satu Pastila, Finnish Red Cross Blood ServiceGermany - Prof. Erhard Seifried, German Red Cross BloodTransfusion CentreMENASwitzerland - Dr Rudolf Schwabe, Transfusion Swiss RedCrossGAP Member National Societiesand representatives:GOVERNANCEGOVERNANCEEUROPE & CENTRALASIAIsrael - Prof. Eilat Shinar,Magen David AdomAMERICASGAP Member National Societies andASIA PACIFICrepresentatives:America - Mr Chris Hrouda, AmericanRed Cross Biomedical ServicesHonduras - Dr Elizabeth Vinelli,Honduran Red Cross National BloodCentreGAP Member National Societies and representatives:Australia - Ms Shelly Park, Australian Red Cross BloodServiceHong Kong - Dr Cheuk Kwong Lee, Hong Kong RedCross Blood Transfusion ServiceIndia - Dr Vanshree Singh, Indian Red Cross SocietyBlood Bank National HQJapan - Dr Masahiro Satake, Japanese Red CrossSociety Blood ServiceThailand - Dr Ubonwon Charoonruangrit, Thai RedCross Society National Blood CentreGAP Annual Report 2018860Number of Countries50403020100In 2018, GAP published the inaugural Global Mapping report, providingNo ResponseNilLevel CLevel BLevel AAfricaAmericasAsia Pacific161723123713100191412an up to date and comprehensive profile of National Society involvementyear project involving data collection from National Societies globally.Global mapping provides a valuablesource of reference for GAP on the scaleand scope of country blood programs.This report provides visibility of theengagement of National Societies inthe provision of their countrys bloodprogram, and details the role of theNational Society and blood service ineach country.Thecomprehensiveinformationgained through global mappingprovides a valuable reference tool,particularly in disaster response, toenable critical rapid assessment of thepotential impact of the disaster on aNational Society blood program andany support that may be required byGAP and the IFRC.MENA23454All National Societies were invitedto contribute to the report and GAPreceived information on the activities of185 out of 191 (97%) countries. A printedcopy of the final Global Mapping reportwas provided to all National Societies,with additional copies sent to all LevelA National Society Blood Services andGAP country blood programs. The report release marks the end of a threeAccurate information on all NationalSociety blood services is critical forGAP and the IFRC to plan for futuresupport activities and to conduct theSelf-assessment program at a regionaland global level.Europe &Central Asia01410209GLOBAL MAPPINGGLOBAL MAPPINGGlobal Mapping Results by RegionThe Global Mapping report has beenwell received, with positive feedbackfrommanyNationalSocietiesconfirming it is a useful referencedocument.Above: Dr Manita Rajkarnikar, Nepal RedCross Society Blood Transfusion ServiceDirector, with the Global Mapping report.The 2018 GAP Global Mapping reportcan be accessed online through theGAP website: Annual Report 201810The Self-assessment questionnaire is GAPs primary tool to assistIn addition, each participating NationalSociety blood service may alsoreceive a GAP de-identified regionalreport, which presents a comparisonof performance for all blood servicesin each region to highlight commonthemes and challenges.National Societies to ensure that appropriate risk mitigation strategiesare in place to support the long term stability and sustainability of theirTheSelf-assessmentprocessculminates in a GAP regionalmeeting, which all participant bloodservices are invited to attend. Theresults of the Self-assessment areoutlined, key regional issues andthemes are highlighted, and specifictools and information are provided toassist the blood services to managetheir key risks. Partnering opportunitiesand twinning arrangements forblood services with stronger regionalpartners may be identified.The regional meeting also offers anopportunity for National Societies todiscuss the results of the questionnaireand to work together to develop riskmanagement strategies in areas ofcommon challenge.blood service without exposing the Society to any unnecessary risks.2018 Self-assessmentGiven the high level of risk involved inthe provision of a blood service, oneof GAPs core functions is to provideadvice and support to NationalSocieties to manage this risk. TheGAP Self-assessment questionnaireenables National Societies tomeasure their progress against keyissues, which have been identifiedas fundamental aspects of corporategovernance and risk managementfor Red Cross / Red Crescent bloodprograms.GAP Annual Report 2018GAP regularly distributes the Selfassessment questionnaire to all LevelA National Society blood services ineach region (Asia Pacific, Europe andCentral Asia, Americas, Africa, MiddleEast and Northern Africa).Self-assessment programcontinued in the Americasregion and commenced inthe Europe and Central Asiaregion.Americas regional meetingplanned for May 2019 inconjunction with the RedCross XXI InterAmericanconference in Argentina.20182019SELF ASSESSMENTSELF ASSESSMENTThis report provides an individualanalysis of their countrys specificresults highlighting potential issueswhich may need to be addressed,and offers recommendations andstrategies for consideration of theblood service that it can incorporateinto its organisational and riskmanagement planning.Following the completion of thequestionnaire, GAP assists NationalSocieties in their efforts to improvetheir corporate governance and riskmanagement through the provisionof an individual Self-assessmentfeedback report.12In addition to supporting the attendanceof BDRCS-BS staff, the programwill also include provision of remotesupport and follow up assistance forthe implementation of the fundamentalquality elements at their respectiveblood centres.HondurasGAP provides targeted assistance to a small number of National SocietyBlood Services. These countries are identified by GAP based on theresults of the Self-assessment program and other information obtainedthrough GAPs activities.2018 GAP Support CountriesBangladeshFollowing the development of a newstrategic plan for the BangladeshRed Crescent Society Blood Service(BDRCS-BS) in 2017, this year GAPcontinued to provide remote countrysupport to BDRCS-BS due to theongoing security status in the country.The primary activity of the GAPprogram is to assist BDRCS-BS todevelop and implement a qualitymanagement system and provideassociated technical training.Given the inability to conduct in-countryGAP Annual Report 2018support at this time, a multilateralregional solution was identified toenable GAP to continue to provideassistance to BDRCS-BS.GAPmemberDrUbonwonCharoonruangrit generously offeredfor the GAP / BDRCS-BS qualitymanagement training program tobe held at the National Blood Centre,Thai Red Cross Society in Bangkok,Thailand. The Thai Red Cross is highlyregarded in the Asia Pacific region forthe high calibre of its blood serviceexpertise and training.The Swiss Red Cross (SRC) providesdirect support to the Honduran RedCross blood program as a dedicatedbilateral project, including specificguidance on corporate governance andrisk management issues. strengthen the National BloodPrograms technical, administrative,governance and risk managementcapacity strengthenvoluntaryblooddonation.The SRC program aims to: establish the National BloodPrograms own duly constitutedgovernance structure create a unified coordinatedNational Blood System based onVNRBDSignificant progress has beenachieved, including a number ofimprovements to the blood servicegovernance arrangements under theSRC program.COUNTRY SUPPORT PROGRAMSCOUNTRY SUPPORT PROGRAMSThe BDRCS-BS training is plannedto commence in early 2019 and willinclude practical sessions as well astheory. The program will also includededicated sessions on thalassaemia,a major burden on the blood supply inBangladesh and the region. Expertiseand strategies to support effectivemanagement could have a significantimpact on reducing this burden.Above: Honduras mobile collection bus donated by SRC.14IndiaThe Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS)blood services were approved as anew GAP support country for 2018.An initial scoping visit to the countryis planned and will be coordinatedwith Dr Vanshree Singh, Director IRCSBlood Bank National Headquarters inDelhi.It is proposed that the scoping visitand support program would include abetter understanding of how: IRCS policies and practices alignwith IFRC blood policy, GAPrecommendations and minimumtechnical standards IRCS plans to integrate its bloodprograms with the nationalMinistry of Health/NACO strategicblood policy direction andaccreditation plans IRCS plans to implement apathway for accreditation for allblood centres, ensuring visibility ofcurrent status and monitoring ofprogress toward accreditation.LaosA comprehensive equipment inventoryand gap analysis of the LRCBSoperational activities against theAABB Fundamental Standards wascompleted with the LRCBS staff, withan action plan developed based on thecurrent level of compliance and theThe Laos Red Cross Blood Servicewas approved as a new GAP supportcountry for 2018. Two in-country visitswere conducted this year, an initialscoping visit in March and a follow uptechnical visit in April.areas of most need. LRCBS has agreedto be a pilot country for implementationof the AABB Fundamental Standards,to assess their potential use regionallyfor similarly resourced blood services.Four sites were visited, including theNational Blood Centre in Vientianeand blood centres at the regional,provincial and district levels. Thisprovided GAP with an understandingof the full range of blood relatedactivities and challenges throughoutthe country.GAP Annual Report 2018Above: Testing laboratory at the National Blood Centre in Vientiane.Above: Dr CK Lee and Dr Sally Thomasvisiting the neonatal unit at a local hospital.In consultation with the bloodservice Director, GAP will continueto work with the LRCBS to test theapplication of the AABB Fundamentalstandards, as well as provide supportfor the development of the essentialcomponents of a blood service qualitysystem, including: document control equipment management biosafety / waste management training national cold chain system.GAP will also explore possiblesolutions for the LRCBS to meetthe needs for complicated patientcases, such as rare blood types andincompatibility, as well as potentiallyproviding specialist technical expertisefor the management and treatment ofthalassaemia.COUNTRY SUPPORT PROGRAMSCOUNTRY SUPPORT PROGRAMS2018 GAP Support Countries16workshops coordinated and delivered by GAP in 2019 using specialistexpertise in the field of international blood programs, with bloodprogram technical expertise specific to the Asia Pacific region.GAPs evaluation of National SocietyBlood Services through the Selfassessment questionnaire tool oftenhighlights specific challenges inmanaging risk. Through this work,it has been identified that thereis a need for a comprehensiveand cost effective blood servicetraining program linked to a relevantinternationally recognised bloodsafety standard and accreditationframework.In 2018, the development of the GAPModular Training program began,widening GAPs scope of activitiesinto tailored education. This activitymeets one of the primary objectivesof GAP to develop and provide tools,GAP Annual Report 2018guidelines and country assistance toNational Society blood services mostin need and to work with NationalSocieties to identify and manage risksin relation to blood programs.It also aims to provide GAP and otherstakeholders better insight into thecommon challenges and resourcelimitations within the region, and howthat impacts blood service operations,ensuring GAP can then provide themost relevant and effective advicerelating to risk mitigation strategies.MODULAR TRAININGMODULAR TRAININGA modular training program has been proposed to include severalThe program will aim to provideparticipant blood services with: information and advice on keyareas of challenge or emerging risk suggested strategies, resourcesand tools to assist withimprovement and successfulimplementation a platform for exchange ofknowledge and expertise betweencountries, and the establishment ofa regional support network access to a global network of bloodservices through GAP follow-up remote support throughGAP.A pilot regional training workshop isplanned for early 2019 in collaborationwith the National Blood Centre, ThaiRed Cross Society and support partnerGerman Red Cross. This workshopwill be targeted to improve Red Cross/ Red Crescent blood programsoperating in low resource settings inthe Asia Pacific region with a specificfocus on the implementation of ablood service Quality ManagementSystem.Above: GAP Modular Training concept design.18Finnish Red Cross Blood ServiceThis year saw the beginning of theFinnish Red Cross Blood Service(FRCBS) three year capacity buildingprogram for the NRCS NBTS. Fourvisits were undertaken by FRCBSduring the year to provide central andregional NRCS staff with workshopstyle training on blood donor collectionsafety, including a focus on adversereactions and events during donation.GAP has a specialist post-disaster role to provide coordinationassistance to National Societies to restore blood programs includinglonger term recovery. Since the devastating 2015 earthquake in Nepal,GAP has been providing technical coordination of the recovery programfor the Nepal Red Cross Society National Blood Transfusion Service,which was significantly affected by this disaster. This extensive andmulti-faceted program has been successful in achieving significantoutcomes this year.Above: Representatives from NRCS, TRCS, Royal Thai Embassy, and GAP after theNepalSupport for the Nepal Red CrossSociety (NRCS) National BloodTransfusion Service (NBTS) postearthquake recovery program hasbeen provided by GAP in conjunctionwith eight participating NationalSocieties engaged in the bloodprogram recovery. GAPs coordinatedprogram has been able to maximisepartner funding and support for thisproject and has provided transparencyof multiple partner programs tominimise the risks of duplication ofactivities. The significant contributionof GAP member National SocietiesGAP Annual Report 2018(and GAP member representatives),particularly Thailand, Japan, Belgium,Australia, Finland (see photo above)and America, has provided high valuein achieving progress in each of theprogram areas during this year.Thai Red Cross SocietyThai Red Cross Society (TRCS) haveprovided generous funding and supportto rebuild the NRCS Central BloodTransfusion Service (CBTS) building inKathmandu which was permanentlydamaged in the earthquake.successful signing of the renewed MoU for the CBTS construction.Japanese Red Cross SocietyBelgian Red CrossA delegation from the Japanese RedCross Society (JRCS), led by GAPmember Dr Masahiro Satake, visitedNepal to progress their supportprogram of capacity building andhaemovigilance training. JRCS arealso supporting the provision of criticalequipment for the NRCS Bhaktapurblood bank which was damagedin the earthquake. GAP providedrecommendations to JRCS regardingthe equipment procurement to ensuresuitability for the local requirements.In November, GAP delegates travelledto Gorkha to visit the blood bank whichhad been retrofitted and equipped withthe support of Belgian Red Cross. GAPprovided assistance to the local staff toprepare a detailed inventory and installthe new critical equipment. The NRCSblood bank facilities in Gorkha aretemporarily located at a local hospital,with plans to move these activities tothe newly refurbished NRCS bloodbank in early 2019.DISASTER RESPONSEDISASTER RESPONSEIn September, GAP and TRCSsuccessfullyrenegotiatedandsigned a renewed Memorandum ofUnderstanding (MoU) between TRCSand NRCS for the construction ofthe CBTS building. This MoU waswitnessed by the Royal Thai Embassyofficials in Nepal. It provides increasedoversight of the construction andbuilding quality assurance. Thecompletion of the CBTS building isscheduled for 2019.201. Advice, advocacy and resourcesGAP provided VNRBD advice toNational Societies, the IFRC and otherstakeholders such as the World HealthOrganisation. Requests includedenquiries for marketing materialsand training, high level policy advice,information on donor safety andmessaging on blood donation duringRamadan.The Voluntary Non-Remunerated Blood Donation (VNRBD) programwas developed in response to an increase in demand for advice andresources for improving VNRBD in resource limited settings. It is anexpansion of GAPs current support activities with National Societyblood services.GAP commenced its targetedVNRBD program in July 2017. Theprogram, funded for three yearsby Swiss Red Cross HumanitarianFoundation and Belgian RedGAP Annual Report 2018Cross, aims to address thespecific challenges associatedwith increasing VNRBD at a global,regional and country level with thefollowing objectives:Under the program, a number ofcommunicationandmarketingmaterials have been produced andmade available on the GAP website,including a newsletter for global andregional knowledge sharing and arange of customisable templatesfor information, education andcommunication (IEC) in NationalSociety Blood Programs.2. Workshops and webinarsGAP is currently planning a Jointregional VNRBD Workshop for Asiaand Middle East and Northern AfricaNational Societies for early 2019. Theworkshop will support developmentof inter-regional networks andknowledge sharing in VNRBDsuccesses, challenges and strategies.In 2018, GAP conducted threewebinars on VNRBD areas of interest,drawing on National Society expertsas guest presenters. The webinarsgenerated a significant amount ofinterest and as a result, the series willcontinue again in 2019.VNRBD PROGRAMVNRBD PROGRAMThe program is delivered through anumber of activities across the global,regional and country level, including:22Society Blood Service (Level A) andTanzania Red Cross Society (Level B)were confirmed as pilot National Societiesfor the VNRBD program.3. Pilot country programsIn August GAP representativesconducted an initial visit to Tanzaniato understand the scope of theTanzania Red Cross Society (TRCS)blood program and develop a specificVNRBD program implementationplan.The selection of Tanzania as a pilotcountry has been valuable as it hasprovided a window into specificfactors influencing VNRBD in Africa.It has also provided valuable insightinto how National Societies recruitingblood donors to a national bloodprogram (Level B) operate.The VNRBD program for Bangladeshwill be delivered remotely due to thecountrys current security status, withthe first planning and training meetingscheduled for early 2019 in Bangkok.In March, GAPs VNRBD Coordinator co-facilitated the IFRCNorthern Pacific Red Cross Societies Workshop on Voluntary NonRemunerated Blood Donation in Palau.Palau: 26-28 March 2018This workshop was attended by fiveRed Cross North Pacific NationalSocieties (Palau, Micronesia, Kiribati,Marshall Islands and SolomonIslands) and their respectiveMinistries of Health. The workshopwas coordinated in response to theregions unique challenges in blooddonor recruitment. These challengesinclude: strong reliance on familyreplacement blood donors fortheir blood supply geographical remoteness small populations.The three day workshop consistedof country presentations andcapacity building in the areas ofMemorandum of Understandingdevelopment, corporate governance,risk management, strategies in blooddonor recruitment and retentionin low resource settings, eventsplanning and development of youthblood donation group Pledge 25.INTERNATIONAL EVENTSVNRBD PROGRAMIn 2018 the Bangladesh Red CrescentAbove: GAP delegates (right) with TRCS staff in Tanzania.GAP Annual Report 201824Opening balanceGAP accountsAustralian account710,607710,607Swiss account177,066177,066887,673887,6732018 Member contributions231,000231,0002017 IFRC funding income65,00065,0002018 Interest income10,00020,660Combined opening balance at 1 January 2018IncomeOther Income394,608Total Income306,000711,268(126,022)(154,774)(6,000)(1,953)ExpenditureSecretariatSpecialist AdviceStakeholder Meetings(6,000)(3,763)Regional Meetings(15,000)(2,557)Annual General Meeting(14,600)(4,418)Executive Board Meeting(s)(2,000)(5,893)Teleconferences(2,700)0(8,000)(13,003)Bangladesh(39,770)(20,897)Honduras(11,000)0India(69,440)(29,535)Laos(67,440)(78,874)Priority Country SupportNepalPost disaster response - NepalIndia Self-assessmentVNRBD program(26,750)(59,440)(11,080)(159,364)(136,019)MMR follow-up (salary and travel)(34,814)(40,287)Stepwise accreditation (implementation report, travel, accommodation)(54,400)(63,207)Global Mapping final report(29,351)(28,664)Website hosting, technical maintenance and software(2,500)(911)Insurance(1,000)(900)Bank fees(242)Investment fee and exchange rate gains/lossContingency funds(2,411)(20,000)VNRBD project funding from GAP Swiss account to GAP Australian accountClosing balance0(226,396)Project cost recoveryTotal expenditureFINANCIAL REPORTINGActual I&E 2018(Includes Aust & SwissAccounts)(All figures in CHF)Approved 2018 BudgetNotesFINANCIAL REPORTINGIncome and Expenditure24,503(728,841)(828,030)464,832770,911Note: The GAP Income and Expenditure is aligned with the Australian Red Cross Blood Service financialstatements. The ARCBS accounts are audited annually by external auditors.GAP Annual Report 201826Contact GAPGAP SECRETARIATA 290 Wellington Street Perth WA 6000P +61 8 6213 5909F +61 8 6213 5949E